Your debt-to-income ratio (DTI) is a private finance measure that compares the total amount of debt you have to your gross revenue . You can compute your debt-to-income ratio by dividing your total recurring monthly debt by your gross monthly income

Why do you want to know that number? Because lenders use it as a measure of your ability to pay back the money you’ve borrowed or to take on extra debtsuch as a mortgage or a car loan. It’s also a valuable number that you understand as you consider whether you would like to make a significant purchase in the first location. This report will walk you through the steps to take to ascertain your debt-to-income ratio.

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### KEY TAKEAWAYS

- to compute your debt-to-income ratio (DTI), add up all your monthly debt obligations, then divide the result by your gross (pre-tax) monthly earnings, and then multiply that number by 100 to get a percentage.
- Calculating your debt-to-income ratio prior to making a large purchase, like a new house or car, makes it possible to see whether you are able to afford it.
- Paying off debt, avoiding taking on new debt, and increasing your income are the only ways to decrease your DTI.

## How to Compute Your DTI

To compute your debt-to-income ratio, begin by adding up all your recurring monthly debts. Past your mortgage, other recurring debts to include are:

- Automobile loans
- Student loans
- Minimum credit card payments
- Child support and alimony
- Any other monthly debt obligations

Then determine your gross (pre-tax) annual income, such as:

- Wages
- Salaries
- Hints and bonuses
- Pension
- Social Security
- Child support and alimony
- Any other extra income

Now divide your total recurring monthly debt by your gross monthly income. The quotient will be a decimal; multiply by 100 to express your debt-to-income ratio as a percentage.

Your debt-to-income ratio, together with your credit rating, is among the most significant factors lenders consider when you apply for a loan.

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## Can You Afford That Big Purchase?

If you are thinking about a significant acquisition, you should take into account the new purchase as you work out your debt-to-income ratio. You can make certain any lender considering your application is going to do so.

You can use an online calculator, by way of instance, to estimate the total amount of the monthly mortgage payment or new car loan that you’re contemplating.

Assessing your”before” and”after” debt-to-income ratio is a fantastic way that will assist you determine if you can manage that home buy or new car at the moment.

When you repay debt–a student loan or a credit cardrecalculating your debt-to-income ratio shows how much you’ve improved your financial standing.

By way of instance, generally, lenders prefer to visit a debt-to-income ratio smaller than 36%, with no more than 28 percent of that debt moving towards servicing your mortgage. To have a qualified mortgage, your highest debt-to-income ratio should be no greater than 43 percent .1 Let’s see how that could translate into a real-life circumstance.

### 36 percent

Most lenders prefer to visit a debt-to-income ratio of no greater than 36%.

Instance of a DTI Calculation

Following is a look at an example of a debt-to-income ratio calculation.

Mary has the next recurring monthly debts:

- $1,000 mortgage
- $500 car loan
- $200 student loan
- $200 minimum credit card payments
- $400 additional monthly debt obligations

Mary’s total recurring monthly debt equals $2,300.

She has the following gross monthly income:

- $4,000 salary from her primary occupation
- $2,000 from her secondary job

Mary’s gross monthly income equals $6,000.

Mary’s debt-to-income ratio is calculated by dividing her total recurring monthly debt ($2,300) by her gross monthly income ($6,000). The math looks like this:

Debt-to-income ratio = $2,300 / $6,000 = 0.38

Now multiply by 100 to express it as a percent:

0.38 X 100 = 38%

Mary’s debt-to-income ratio = 38%

Less a higher income will give Mary a lesser, and for that reason better, debt-to-income ratio. Say she manages to repay her student and auto loans, but her income remains the same. If so the calculation would be:

Total recurring monthly debt = $1,600

Gross monthly income = $6,000

Mary’s new debt-to-income ratio = $1,600 / $6,000 = 0.27 X 100 = 27%.

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